The human body is composed of natural sugar in the blood. When you have the proper amount of sugar required, it supplies enough energy to the cells and organs of the body. The excess of this blood sugar is called hyperglycemia.
The human liver and muscles produce a little percentage of blood sugar, but most come from carbohydrates food.
The human body needs insulin to keep blood sugar level in the normal range. Insulin is a hormone that directs the body’s cells to use glucose and store the excess.
If your body lacks the required insulin, or if your body does not work effectively with the insulin produced, then it makes the blood sugar level to run high. This, in most cases, causes health challenges.
WHEN IS SUGAR LEVEL NORMAL?
If you do not eat (fast) for at least 8 hours, your sugar level should be less than 100mg/dL. Blood sugar should be at 140mg/dL two hours after eating.
During the day, the glucose levels tend to be at their lowest just before meals. For those who have no trace of diabetes, their blood sugar levels before meals are around 70mg/dL to 80 mg/dL. For some others, 60mg/dL is normal; and for some, 90mg/dL is normal.
WHEN IS BLOOD SUGAR HIGH?
When your blood sugar level is high, it is associated with symptoms such as headaches and fatigue.
Blood sugar is the fuel that helps the body organs to function effectively.
But when you have high blood sugar, the body does not provide a boost in energy because the cells of the body cannot access the blood sugar needed for energy.
Symptoms of blood sugar
When a person has high blood sugar, the following symptoms might occur:
- Constant headache and pains
- Easily lose concentration
- Always feeling hungry and thirsty
- Feeling sleepy and tired
- You would have a blur vision.
- Constant feeling of dry mouth
- Constant urge to urinate
- It would take a long time for wounds to heal.
When you have high blood sugar and low insulin, it causes your ketones to rise and possibly grow into diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), a complication that will require urgent medical attention.
If diabetic ketoacidosis occurs, the individual may likely experience the following:
- shortness in breathing
- the breath will have a fruity taste or smell
- your heartbeat will increase
- always confused and disorientated
- vomiting always
- feel dehydrated
- It can lead you to a coma.
Diabetic ketoacidosis can increase your blood sugar level to over 250 ml/dL.
Your blood sugar level tends to be high in the morning if you have diabetes.
EFFECT OF HIGH BLOOD SUGAR TO THE BODY?
When you have high sugar in the blood, it can lead to some complications. Let’s look at a few of them.
- Thirst and Urination: When you have high blood sugar, it goes into the kidney and urine. This will cause you to take more water and make you urinate often. Even when you keep drinking enough liquid frequently, you will still feel thirsty always.
- Weight loss: High blood sugar will make you lose weight that you can’t explain. This is because the body cells lack enough glucose needed for it to function correctly, which makes it burn the muscles and fats to get enough energy to function correctly.
- Tingling and Numbness: High blood sugar can also cause tingling and numbness. This means the feeling of less sensation in different parts of the body, especially in the hands, legs, and feet. It happens due to a complication of diabetes that often occurs after many years of high blood sugar level.
High blood sugar can become harmful to the organs and systems of the body if unchecked and untreated within a space of time. When the blood vessels are damaged, it can lead to the following complications:
- it can damage the eye, making you lose vision
- it can lead to kidney disease or failure
- it can cause heart attack or stroke
- it can lead to nerve problems in the skin, especially the feet, making you develop sores, infections, and difficulty in healing of wounds
LOW BLOOD SUGAR (HYPOGLYCEMIA)
WHAT IS LOW SUGAR LEVEL?
Low sugar level varies widely with different people too. Some persons, their glucose level won’t ever fall below 60ml/dL even if they go on prolonged fasting. If you place yourself on diet or fast, the liver will convert fat and muscles into sugar to keep your levels healthy. It is only the level of a few persons that may fall lower than 60ml/dL.
If a sugar level is higher than the required level, it becomes unhealthy. When the levels are higher than needed, but it’s not reaching the point of full-blown diabetes, they are said to be known as pre-diabetes.
A person can experience low blood sugar or hypoglycemia when a person has the following:
- has certain medical conditions
- exercises a lot
- uses specific medications
- does not eat or eats too little
Low sugar levels can also be a side effect of diabetes medicines. Taking too much insulin can result to low sugar levels in the blood.
Symptoms of low blood sugar may include:
- nervousness, anxiety, or irritating
- feeling weak or shivering
- always hungry
- fast heart rate, or palpitations
Hypoglycemia can be treated rapidly by regularly drinking fruit juice or eating a glucose tablet, sugar lump, or candy.
Here are nine (9) steps to naturally lower blood glucose:
1. Exercise Regularly
Regularly exercising your body can help you lose weight and increase insulin sensitivity in your blood cells.
When your insulin sensitivity is high, it gives your cell the ability to use the available sugar in your bloodstream.
Exercise will also help your muscles to use blood sugar for energy and muscle contraction.
Some forms of exercise include weight lifting, brisk walking, running, biking, dancing, hiking, swimming and many more.
2. Control Your Carbohydrate Intake
Your body breaks down the carbohydrates you take into sugar (mostly glucose) and insulin moves this sugar into the cells. This process will fail and cause the glucose levels to rise when you overeat carbohydrates, or your insulin couldn’t function properly.
3. Drink Water and Stay Hydrated
Drinking enough water will help you keep your blood sugar levels within healthy limits without complications.
In addition to preventing dehydration, when you take enough water, it helps your kidneys flush out the excess blood sugar through urine.
4. Control Stress Levels
Stress can affect your entire body process and thereby change your blood sugar levels also. When you exercise, relax, and have time to meditate, it can reduce stress and lower blood sugar level.
5. Monitor Your Blood Sugar Levels
“What gets measured gets managed.”
Having a regular checkup of your blood glucose levels can help you control them when you notice the signs.
For example, knowing your glucose levels helps you determine whether you need to make adjustments in meals or medications and also enables you to find out if your body accepts a particular food or not.
6. Get Quality and Quantity Sleep
For a healthy life, you must get enough sleep; it helps your body system to relax from all stress and be able to function correctly.
When you have a poor sleeping habit and lack of rest, it can also affect your blood sugar levels and insulin sensitivity, which will increase hunger and encourage adding weight.
Lack of quality sleep decreases the release of growth hormones and increases cortisol levels. Both play a vital role in the control of blood sugar. Also note that when we talk of good sleep, we talk about both the quality and quantity of sleep. You are encouraged to get a good sleep every night.
7. Eat Foods Rich in Chromium and Magnesium
Research has shown that micronutrient deficiencies are one of the causes of High blood sugar levels and diabetes.
The following food is rich in Chromium, and it includes egg yolks, whole-grain products, high-bran cereals, coffee, nuts, green beans, broccoli, and meat.
The following food is rich in Magnesium, and it includes dark leafy greens, whole grains, fish, dark chocolate, bananas, avocados, and beans.
8. Try Apple Cider Vinegar
Apple cider vinegar intake has many benefits to your health which include but not limited to the following:
It helps lower blood sugar levels needed for fasting by possibly decreasing its production by the liver or increasing its use by cells
If you want to make apple cider vinegar part of your diet, the simplest method is by adding it to salad dressings or mix two teaspoons in 8 ounces of water.
Please note, it is essential to visit your doctor and get the best advice before taking apple cider vinegar, especially if you are already taking medications that lower blood sugar.
9. Lose Some Weight
If you maintain a healthy weight, it will help improve your health and avoid any future health problems.
Controlling your weight will also promote healthy blood sugar levels, which will help you reduce the risk of becoming a diabetic patient in the future.
When you lose at least 7% in body weight, the risk of developing diabetes is reduced by up to 58%, and it works better than medication.
Before you adhere to these methods, make any lifestyle changes, or take new supplements, it is advisable to visit your doctor and take his advice to be on the safer side.
It is crucial if you have any history of blood glucose control or if you are taking medications to lower your glucose levels.
So, if you notice any form of diabetes or you have problems with controlling your blood sugar, then you should be quick to seek medication to avoid developing into more severe complications.